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做城市中的绿色啄木鸟

发表于 2013-4-3 14:16:46 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
王涛:做城市中的绿色啄木鸟
7 X4 O  c# v! V 走在街上,看见随地吐痰,乱扔烟头,闯红灯的现象,您会怎么做呢?是默然走开,还是上前劝阻?王涛选择成为后者,这一劝就是7年,从最初的独自一人,到现在组成遍布全国五千多人的绿色啄木鸟公益协会。请听交通广播记者朱艳婷为您讲述绿色啄木鸟王涛的故事。& w7 m4 d; _/ G9 h0 B2 }
  这天6点下班后,张玲没有像往常一样回家,而是来到了西单参加绿色啄木鸟公益组织的活动,上街劝阻不文明行为,这是她第一次参加活动。6:30,穿上准备好的蓝色志愿背心,10多位志愿者整装待发。对于每一个初次参与的志愿者,绿色啄木鸟组织的创立者王涛都要对他进行一个简短的心理指导。1 m' P$ T( f# ]0 G; N
  王涛:到时候应该上前说话。
- k  J' I: s( U" P( I9 J6 I  张玲:没问题。! Q; s; @" N% _0 o* k# l
  王涛:有礼节的,“先生你好,我是志愿者。”4 \8 P# [8 t) v& a  \7 }4 U, m
  张玲是绿色啄木鸟环保公益组织北京的第2001个志愿者,经过了七年的发展,绿色啄木鸟组织在全国的志愿者人数已达5000人左右,从3、4岁的小朋友到年过七旬的老年人,在北京以及其他城市共组织环保活动300次,覆盖全国10个城市。只是环保部门普通员工的王涛自己也没有想到,当初自己的个人行为竟能发展到这样的规模。
0 ~- E% G; p1 j) H# {  王涛:在2006年之前有美国朋友到中国来了,在门口转的时候就看到有些人在吐痰,他们问我中国人为什么总是吐痰,其实我当时也说了几点,一个是空气污染,第二也是多年的习惯。其实这么说你心里还是有点虚,后来我就想怎么做这件事情,后来在电视上看到了一个节目叫“寻找吐痰人”,他们在西单这个地方架上摄像机,看到吐痰人之后志愿人员过去说“您好,您刚才吐痰了吗?您是不是擦掉?”突然发现这个方式不错,但是我又想到如果他不擦怎么办?那就是我们志愿者要帮他擦。
9 L& v* ]: @0 h- l1 ?! s0 j+ m  王涛个人在过去的7年共劝阻引导制止,随地吐痰乱扔垃圾,乱闯红灯等共5万人。他还记得自己第一次去劝阻的情景。
1 l, }7 g. H' ~  王涛:2006年的5月4号,在天安门广场的旗杆下,当时拿着纸巾,当时了一兜子,这时候就寻找,听声音,走着走着就听见一声,寻着声就赶紧过去,一个男的,30来岁,挺壮的。说“先生,您刚才吐痰了吗?”他说是啊,我说你看这样,您帮着擦一下,他就瞪着眼睛看我,说你是干什么的?我说我是志愿者,谁让你干的?我说我让我干的。当时他说我擦什么啊?你要不擦我就帮你擦,这么一说他旁边的朋友你看你这么不卫生还让别人帮你擦,赶紧去擦去,他说行,这么着他才蹲下去擦,我就赠他一包纸巾,我说以后您就吐在纸里,他说好,谢谢了。这就是第一例,其实在这之前有好多顾虑,第一想到别人会骂,第二有可能会发生肢体冲撞,但是我看到那个电视节目之后给我的触动很大,我感觉当时他们那样做我也那样做。
7 F& m# T2 [; P; ~( Y! F  然而最初开始劝阻行为,他却是瞒着家人进行的。
% f. o9 d9 }3 o* L0 W2 g  王涛:当初悄悄地做,后来媒体宣传就知道了。! o4 t1 P. S( e" B1 @- D, j
  记者:有多长时间?9 D* A9 z, p7 w/ Z
  王涛:有半年吧。  c) I) Y" J* Q1 Q! p6 s
  记者:半年他们都不知道您做这件事?
1 E( `( o1 |' K! z( a  l. i3 g# s  王涛:对。4 S2 Z- {) }1 }# q$ k, X
  记者:那您出门都怎么跟他们说?
6 B- b  [+ ?" a2 A  l  王涛:我说有朋友聚会。6 d) m% z5 t' s
  记者:您最早为什么不告诉他们?1 H! s) m' x3 }- t5 ]& Q
  王涛:我觉得这个肯定有阻力。4 h. F8 u# ?7 ^$ r0 l; I0 B8 f) @
  记者:为什么不同意呢?这不是好事吗?4 A" V7 w# _* i% ~
  王涛:是好事,但是涉及到你把钱花出去了,你的精力还花到了外面,这就会对家庭造成影响。3 _4 E7 S3 W: y
  记者:他们知道了之后,家庭是什么反映?, M# l' D' M) u4 k# v4 i3 E
  王涛:说你这光扫天下不扫家里边,业余时间就开始忙着网站、活动这么个情况,反正也没有去制止过,我就继续在做,当然逐步地去感动她,有时候帮着家里做一些家务活。' ]: N( h% x; |# a5 G3 S/ N* n1 a' ^
  最初的两年,王涛几乎把自己的全部工资都贴进去了。
$ E* a, r7 m- I& K5 ~+ O1 `& f2 f- w' [  王涛:因为你要做活动,你想活动这么多人,要买好多纸巾,那时候我买纸巾发给他们,然后志愿者再发给这些吐痰的。
" C8 I; j  ]8 h9 O记者:那你怎么就愿意把所有的工资都拿来做这件事情?
( J8 z9 G2 e0 F  _  p! Z) {8 B王涛:其实我想我做了这件事情肯定要付出了,其中有一个志愿者说我每个月挣工资给你200块钱,我说不要,他是从外地来的,到北京来打工,我说你自己把自己生活照顾好就可以了。
7 K7 _) x' P! p, d* d  身为退伍军人的王涛,有着军人特有的韧劲儿,也正因如此,在劝阻的这7年中,王涛没少遭遇冷脸子。
- s# f  W+ f7 H; Q, a8 r/ _: a/ b  王涛:在上班的路上当时有一个男的边打电话边吐痰,等他打完电话之后我就站在他后边说“你好,刚才吐痰了,我是志愿者,您看能不能帮着擦一下。”张嘴就骂人,这骂人我们不还口的,我说这样,我仅仅是希望你改变陋习,你要不擦我帮你擦,他还骂人,我要上车了,帮着他擦完之后我就跟着他上车,上车之后我看他旁边有个座位我就坐在旁边,我其实还是希望用我的热心感动他,我说先生您不要生气,我是希望你维护咱们的城市环境。我这句话一说,“你想打架啊?”揪着我,后来旁边的人说别打,就把我们分开。我太执着了,后来我就坐在边上,坐那之后心里特别难受,心里想这是为什么啊?受着委屈。
3 O( c2 w3 \2 l2 g) \( x  他也曾动过放弃的念头,但志愿者们是他坚持下来的动力。& u  z: H8 t; S5 [
  王涛:好多志愿者说我找到组织了,这句话对我鼓励很大,就是大家都想做这件事情,没人给他们一个平台,没人给他们前头做这个事情,有人组织,也实现了他们的愿望。1 \* @. ~. Q7 H$ d
  记者跟随王涛一行来到西单,10多位志愿者中,年龄最大的张国庆70岁了,拎着蓝色的简易布袋,不停地弯腰捡拾起地上的烟头,用纸巾擦去痰迹。志愿者们经过的地方,地面都干净了不少。
8 V+ P) J; B% r: W8 h/ L  记者:这个随地扔烟头的现象还是非常的厉害。) ~: v3 i- U. T7 F* N& z
张国庆:真厉害,你看多少啊。我在学校的时候也是学雷锋这种思想培育出来的,所以50年后还继续参与这样的活动,我觉得找到了年轻时候的感觉。
- G, W/ h) ]: o% M7 @  一位年轻人正坐在路边抽烟,随口就把痰吐在地上,志愿者郑文平赶紧上前。
: d. b9 L. N. C! O$ g2 D! h' |* r# d  郑文平:您自己把口水请您擦一下。: W, x1 g5 k5 C) A
  市民:下回咱们抽烟的时候注意,谢谢你小伙子。
7 H3 s) D, p% u& [  郑文平:以后一定要记得吐到纸里,送您一包纸,把痰吐到纸里。
* ~5 {. \- Y1 O) _, [. h  市民:然后咱们扔在垃圾筒。1 M( u6 H3 h/ I7 A' U$ Z% H' s' |
  记者:现在心里是怎么想的?
$ N+ \/ O. u# u3 z, \  市民:自治力不怎么强,这个可以改。
" N1 ~# D# }. ]  记者:经过他们这个之后会有什么改变吗?
& z( u3 s( c  m( k1 I& R8 F  市民:会会,这种地方没有吐痰的地方,所以就往地上吐了。  g! G& e1 }. p+ R/ r" P5 ?+ N
  王涛说,从自己每天带出去擦痰捡拾烟头的纸巾数量看来,这七年,大家的行为习惯已经有了很大的改善。
- w. u4 X* h6 _  王涛:2006年、2007年那时候我的包里边要装到20包到30包纸,在2008年之后应该是在十多包左右,到了现在可以说很少,一两包。/ j$ f. A* e! ]

7 C+ s8 ~9 s- c; k* m  无论王涛和绿色啄木鸟组织在这样的改变中起到了多大的作用,这种从我做起,从身边点滴做起的环保行为,是值得提倡的。目前王涛正在组织志愿者们到社区倡导居民进行垃圾分类,保护水源。为了更好地进行宣传,志愿者们还编了文明语快板,文明引导员周春荣热情地说起了她刚学会的快板。
+ O* x/ `8 ]2 X; q. a  周春荣:清凌凌的水,蓝蓝的天,花儿开那个鸟儿鸣,北京的春天来到了,绿色环保很重要,随地吐痰是陋习,瓜皮果壳烟头纸屑您别乱抛,中华传统讲文明,让我们那个人人争做文明有礼的北京人,文明的你,文明的他,携手共建文明城,文明城。看,多好。
. b4 N  C" M- q0 }1 ?: V, X$ g
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